Human Resource Development (HRD) is the structure to increase the knowledge, skills, and attitude of an employee. This is systematic and planned activities prepared by the HR department or, an organization to grant its members and employees with proper skills to meet present and future job demands. And the process of HRD includes the development of professionalism in the employee through organizational development and training. The major goal of HRD is to improve and modify the performance of the employee.
There are three important functions in Human Resource Development. They are as follows,
- Training and development (T&D)
- Organizational development
- Career development
01. Training and Development (T&D)
Training – this training programme is very effective in improving the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the employee working in an organization in a short period of time. It also brings out the talents of the individuals and thereby gives them the ability to work in the organization. And through such training, the skills of an individual employee will be enhanced. This training will be delivered in the following three modes.
- Employee orientation
- Skills & technical training
Development – Development is an activity that helps in making improvements in the current profession and helps to perform better in future responsibilities. This development will be provided in two ways
- Management training
- Supervisor development
The main objective of training and development provided by the organization is to improve and make changes in the knowledge, skills, and attitude of an employee. Training helps the employee to perform better in the current job and through development helps prepare the employee for the future world of work. This training and development programme is initiated when an employee is recruited to the organization.
02. Organizational Development
Organizational Development means improving the well-being of the employees in the organization and thereby achieving the goals of the organization. Both micro and macro factors influence organizational development. While micro changes helped to aim at individuals of small groups, the macro changes are intended to improve the overall performance of the organization. In this development process, human resource development professionals involved in the organization’s development act as an agent of change. They help to transmit messages about strategic plans from top managers to bottom managers
03. Career Development
Career development is an action plan to increase the skills of an employee in an organization to bring about improvement and change. Career development has become an important part of HR management because employees of today have high expectations from their jobs but initially their jobs are not up to their expectations. At the same time career development helps in achieving those goals of employees. Career development activities contribute to an organization in a number of ways. They are,
- Reduces employee turnover rate
- Increases employee motivation and morale
- Reduces cost of recruitment
- It helps to utilize the skills of the employees
- Make the employees adaptable to organizational changes
- Helps to reduce industrial dispute
- Increases loyalty and commitment among the employees.
HRD Process – This chart describes the process of HRD Process